Let us learn Turkish!

July 4, 2007 at 7:43 pm (Languages, The United States)

İyi üç Temmuz günü!
İyi istiklâl günü!

İyi – means “good”

Üç – means “four”

Temmuz – the Turkish name for the month known in English as “July”

Günü“gün” means “day”; “ü” is, here, the third person singular possessive suffix, attributing “gün” to “üç Temmuz” and “istiklâl” where applicable: the suffix is “i” following the rules for i-vowel harmony (and so may be “i”, “ı”, “ü”, or “u” depending on the last vowel of the word)

İstiklâl – means “independence”; this word is from Arabic. Another word, from Turkish origins, is “bağımsızlık”. Another word, also from Arabic origins, is “hürriyet”.

Amerika Birleşik Devletleri – is the Turkish translation for the “United States of America”

Birleşik – means “united”

Devlet“devlet” means “state”; “ler” is the plural suffix, which follows a/e-vowel harmony (and so may be “lar” or “ler” depending on the last vowel of the word); “i” is the third person singular possessive suffix following i-vowel harmony.

(A Fourth of July gift for my language-loving readers, especially S. Weasel.)

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6 Comments

  1. Wickedpinto said,

    Let us NOT! 🙂

  2. S. Weasel said,

    Very cool. Thank you.

    Turkish seems an odd sort of language to learn. It’s difficult (I count any language with a specialized alphabet especially difficult) and essentially only applicable to Turkey, yes? Do you have a specific reason for choosing Turkish, or are you simply a language junkie?

  3. Nihat said,

    Actually Üç means three. For four, the word is dört (dort with the second letter being o-umlaut, in case it doesn’t display correctly).

  4. Nihat said,

    Also, what makes you say/think Turkish has a specialized alphabet? It’s basically latin alphabet, minus q, w, and x, plus some accented letters (like in Greman and French).

  5. Colin said,

    Actually the word “Üç” means three, not four:)

    Otherwise, well done and Happy 3rd of July!

  6. Yitzchak Goodman said,

    The current Hebrew month is called Tammuz.

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