“Why we are doing jihād” (ہم جہاد کیوں کر رہے ہیں)

October 11, 2006 at 3:15 am (History, Islam, Islamism, Pakistan, Religion, South Asia, Theology, War)

From a book I bought in Pakistan. It’s a small book, meant to be carried around and consulted often. It carries a variety of information for a Muslim’s daily use (prayers, supplications, other issues). Quite insightful. (This book is not the one quoted in another post.) What is somewhat frightening is that “extremist” positions are being craftily justified and supported by quoting the Qur’an and aHādīth (saying of Muhammad). The original is in Urdu. Here is a translation:

Why we are doing jihād

Question: Has jihād1 become a farD ‛ayn2? And if it has, what proof is there as no prophet began a jihād bi-s-sayf3 until they had brought into reality an Islamic polity, as there does not exist with us now an Islamic polity.

If doing jihād is necessary as a farD then what injustice and savagery are going on full blown in Kashmir and in various countries, are also in Pakistan; we don’t we do jihād in it [Pakistan]? What reason is there? Prove it with proofs. If we make our Islamic structure strong through jihād abroad but remains hollow inside, then what gain is there? Clarify.
Basim Sharif Pasrori
Rana Iftekhar Pasravi

Answer: While the Messenger of God (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) was living in Mecca, he (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) did not have permission to fight against the infidels. When he migrated and went to Medina and even there the infidels did not leave him (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) alone, then Almighty God gave permission to fight.
[Quote from 22:39, Sūrah al-Hajj]
“Those people who are fought against, to them permission has been given because there has been injustice against them and surely Almighty God’s help is all-powerful.”

After this Almighty God made fighting mandatory for Muslims.
[Quote from 2:216, Sūrah al-Baqarah]
“On you fighting has been made mandatory, even though you do not like it.”
And fighting against infidels will be mandatory until that time when the following purposes have been attained:

First purpose: End to fitnah4
As long as in any region of the world infidels have that power and might that because of Islam they can captivate someone in fitnah, if someone wants to believe and out of fear of punishment and suffering one recoils, and when someone begins to believe and one becomes the target of injustice and violence. Fighting against them is mandatory until that time that every obstacle (fitnah) on the road to bringing Islam is brought to an end. Almighty God says:
[Quote from 2:193, Sūrah al-Baqarah]
“Keep fighting them, until no fitnah remains and religion becomes wholly for God, but if they stop then except for the unjust there should be no force against anyone.”

Second purpose: Superiority of Islam
Until in the world Islam has not become superior and in every place the laws of God are not in force fighting infidels is mandatory.
[Quote from 8:39, Sūrah al-Anfāl]
“Keep fighting them, until no fitnah remains and religion becomes wholly for God, but if they stop then what they do Almighty God is the one who sees.”

The Messenger of God (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) said:
[Quote from Sahīh Bukhārī, Book on War Campaigns, Chapter “The order to fight until people say “There is no God but God”]
“An order has been given to me that I must continue to fight against people, until they do not testify that there is no one worthy of worship except for God and Muhammad (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) is God’s messenger and prayer is established and zakāh is given; when they do this then they have preserved their blood and goods from me but with Islam’s rights and their reckoning is God’s responsibility.”

Third purpose: Infidels to pay jizyah5
Until the whole world’s infidels (those who do not want to embrace Islam) become submissive and with their hands pay jizyah to Muslims, fighting them is mandatory.
[Quote from 9:29, Sūrah at-Tawbah]
“Keep fighting against those People of the Book that do not believe in God or in the Hereafter, that do not hold as forbidden what God and His Messenger (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) have made forbidden and do not embrace the religion of truth, until they pay jizyah with their own hand and are made submissive.”

Fourth purpose: Helping the weak
When in any area of the world there is injustice against Muslims, fighting until they are free from injustice is mandatory.
[Quote from 4:75, Sūrah an-Nisā’]
“And what happened to you that you do not fight to liberate these weak men, women, and children in God’s way who say[: ‘]O our Lord! Take us out of this village whose occupants inflict injustice and appoint for us from you a protector. And send for us from you a helper.[’]”

Fifth purpose: Revenge for the killed
If an infidels kills a Muslim, taking revenge is mandatory. Indeed, if a Muslim kills a Muslim for religious brotherhood there can be monetary compensation or even forgiveness. But taking revenge on an infidel is mandatory. Except he/she becomes a Muslim.
Almighty God says:
[Quote from 2:178, Sūrah al-Baqarah]
“O people…who believe, regarding those who are killed taking revenge has been made mandatory for you.”

In 6 Hijrī [that is, in the sixth year of Islamic era] the Messenger of God (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) went to Mecca only to perform ‛umrah6. His intention was not to fight. The infidels stopped him and even then he did not fight. He (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) made Usmān (may God be pleased with him) an envoy and sent him to Mecca and the people of Mecca did not let him return and so the Muslims thought that he had been killed. When this reached the Messenger of God (God’s blessings and peace be upon him), he (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) said: “Now we will not leave without fighting these people and he (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) took a pledge to fight from fourteen hundred companions. The infidels heard about this and then sent Usmān back.”

It is clearly evident that this pledge was in retaliation for Usmān (may God be pleased with him). Almighty God revealed in the Qur’an his pleasure with this pledge:
[Quote from 48:18, Sūrah al-Fatah; the verse number is not given in the Urdu text]
“Indeed God became pleased with the believers, when they pledged to you under that tree.”

Sixth purpose: Punishment for breaking alliance
If any nation breaks an alliance made with Muslims, fighting them is mandatory.
[Quote from 9:12, Sūrah at-Tawbah]
“If after their alliance they break their promises and mock your religion then fight against the infidels’ leaders. [Place] no trust in their promises, so that they will relent.”

Almighty God gave six reinforcement to Muslims for when they fight a nation that broke an alliance with Muslims.
[Quote from 9:14-15, Sūrah at-Tawbah]
“Fight with them[:] God will punish them through your hands and he will make them submissive and he will give you help against them and he will heal the believers and he will finish the anger in their hearts and upon whom he wills he will let return and God is the knowing one and the wise one.”

The Messenger of God (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) in 6 Hijrī made a truce for ten years and in this truce even accepted such harsh conditions that the Muslims found to be quite disagreeable. But in 8 Hijrī the Quraish broke the truce alliance in taking up armed actions against an allied clan, the Banū Khuzā‛ah, of the Messenger of God (God’s blessings and peace be upon him), so the Messenger of God (God’s blessings and peace be upon him) attacked Mecca with an army of ten thousand spirited [soldiers] and conquered Mecca

The Jewish clans living in Medina made an alliance of peace and mutual assistance with him [Muhammad]; when they broke the alliance then after besieging Banū Qunaiqā‛ and Banū Nazīr, he [Muhammad] killed all of their adult men and enslaved their women and children.

Seventh purpose: Fighting for defense
When any nation invades Muslims then fighting for defense is mandatory:
[Quote from 2:19, Sūrah al-Baqarah]
“And fight in the path of God those people who fight with you and do not exceed the limits, surely Almighty God does not love those who exceed the limits.”

Eighth purpose: To liberate occupied areas
If infidels occupy any area belonging to Muslims, then expelling them and reestablishing the Muslims’ occupation are mandatory. Almighty God says.
[Quote from 2:191, Sūrah al-Baqarah]
“And wherever you find them kill them and from that place where they expelled you, expel them.”

The war of Banū Isrā’īl under the leadership of Tālūt [Saul] that is discussed in Sūrah al-Baqarah was also fought in order to regain Muslim areas. Almighty God reduplicates their words:
[Quote from 2:246, Sūrah al-Baqarah; the verse number is not given in the Urdu text]
“Why is it that we should not fight in the path of God though we have been expelled from our homes and our sons.”

Despite the small number of Muslims, Almighty God gave special help and Dā’ūd [David] upon him be peace killed the infidels’ commander-in-chief, Jālūt [Goliath] and the infidels were defeated. In the conquest of Mecca, in addition to breaking the alliance this issue was also involved that they had expelled the Muslims from the sacred land of Mecca.

Notes (all written by me for your ease):
1. Jihād (جهاد): struggle to make Islam supreme over all the earth.

2. FarD ‛ayn (فرض عين): a farD (religiously mandatory requirement) is mandatory on all Muslims; a farD kifāyah (فرض كفاية) is a farD that is mandatory on a Muslim community: if a sufficient number of people in the community fulfill the farD, its requirement will have been fulfilled, but if a sufficient number do not fulfill the farD, the entire community will be under condemnation. That is, not everyone has to do it. Most Islamic jurisprudents hold that jihād is a farD kifāyah.

3. Jihād bi-s-sayf (جهاد بالسيف): jihād by or with the sword, or holy war, one of the three types of jihād.

4. Fitnah (فتنة): refers to unrest, injustice, turmoil, strife, trouble, trials, and so on.

5. Jizyah (جزية): a tax paid to the Islamic state by non-Muslims in exchange for the state’s protection, in demonstration of their inferiority, and in exchange for military service. This tax is mandatory on non-Muslims.

6. ‛Umrah (عمرة): a smaller, shorter pilgrimage to the Holy Mosque in Mecca. This is separate from the mandatory, larger, and longer pilgrimage known as (حخ, Hajj).

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3 Comments

  1. blackflag said,

    Hmm, it is as I thought, I am kafir and will remain so.

    Thank you for the translation on the text.

  2. bugsngasgal said,

    I have an amusing image of jihadists rampaging through, for instance, Texas demanding “Jizyah.” Probably won’t go over that well.

    Very interesting, and eye opening. So much for jihad being a “spiritual” struggle.

  3. blackflag said,

    Yes, that would not go over well at all. I suspect it is also the reason you don’t see the kind of behaviour we are seeing in France in the continental US (Salafi population differences withstanding).

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